香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
| 29th Jul 2006, 03:06 AM | 論文及研究專區 | (610 Reads)

Picture

作者:無雙直傳

摘 要
九一一恐怖襲擊事件後,美國以反恐戰為由出兵阿富汗,但並未能成功消除
國際恐怖主義。反之,過去一年中,發動九一一襲擊的阿爾伊達(Al Qaeda)組織,還於全球各地策劃恐怖襲擊。而美國卻在這情況下,以反恐為名準備攻打伊拉克。

自冷戰後,和平再次受到嚴重威脅。可是,這次威脅的來源不是國與國之間的衝突,而是以恐怖主義為戰略的超國家組織與國家間的衝突。另外,阿爾伊達首領,奧沙瑪.本.拉登(Osama bin Laden)指出九一一襲擊是為了對美國在中東問題上偏袒以色列進行報復。

美國與伊斯蘭世界的矛盾激化,讓文明衝突論再次受到重視。除文明衝突論外,本論文亦從現實主義、挫折攻撃論、伊斯蘭回應論、文明衝突論、國際衝突理論的制度缺陷論和超限戰理論,作為分析的框架。以分析恐怖主義對中東政治的影響及成因。

筆者認為,國際恐怖主義和美國與伊斯蘭世界的衝突,將會對世界体系造成深遠和重大的影響,而對正在尋求和平穩定的國際格局,以爭取時間發展經濟的中國來說,無疑更加需要慎重其事,因此,作者通過分析的結論,對中國的中東政策作出建議。

關鍵詞:九一一恐怖襲擊 國際恐怖主義
中東問題 中國中東政策

Abstract
After the terror attack of 911, U.S. government, on her ground of anti-terrorism war, declared war on Afghanistan. However, she hasn’t succeeded in eliminating the global terrorism. On the contrary, Al Qaeda, which carried out the 911 attack, still planning their terror attacks around the world. However, U.S. Government have prepared a war on Iraq, titled it as anti-terrorism, under this situation.

After the cold war, peace is being threatened seriously again. However, the threat this time is not originate from the conflict among countries. It is come from the conflict between super-country, whose strategy is anti-terrorism, and other countries. Besides, the head of Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, claimed that the ground of carrying 911 attacks, was the revenge on US whose stand of Mid-East problem just make favour on Israel.

The contradiction of U.S. and Islam is getting sharp; it makes the conflict theory of culture being concerned. Besides, this essay also use the view of realism, theory of Islam response, conflict theory of culture, deficiency of regime in conflict theory of international, and unrestricted warfare as a frame of analysis, analyse the effect of Terrorism on the Middle-East politic and its cause.

As the author said, global terrorism and the conflict between U.S. and Islam will make a significant and long-term consequence on global system. Meanwhile, for China, which is seeking for the peaceful stability of international pattern, and struggle for time to develop economy, is doubtless to handle it carefully. So, author, by his analyzed conclusion, give suggestions on the Mid-East policy of China.